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1st - V.S is Vivian’s Swansea who were very large copper smelters and lived in Singleton Abbey. Vivian’s built such places as Sketty School, St Paul’s Church, Stuart Hall Sketty and the Glen Vivian Arts Gallery. They also contributed to the construction of Swansea General and Eye Hospital, owned coal mines in Pencloed and granite quarries in Devon.
2nd  - J. W     Name Unknown.
3rd  - J.N.W      “            “
4th  -  V.M   I would think that V M stands for Vivian’s Moriston as that is where they were based, and before Swansea became such a large city.

149. Cut steel finishing nail made In the U.S.A. It is a very neat and clean nail which would have been a pleasure to use. Purchased in Rhode Island U.S.A. and donated to me by Mr Chris How. Warranambool, Victoria.
150. Three American nails found in Australia, the one on the left is from Iowa. A residence ruin of 1877 which was built for Richard Rutledge, son of one of the early settlers. The middle-sized one is from Coleraine, a residence of the Pepper family 1888. Pepper Road is part of the approach road to the famous “Murndal” property of the Winter-Cooke family, who followed the first settlers across Bass Straight. The one on the right, the smallest one, was recovered from St Ann’s Convent which the Catholic Sisters restored in 1905. Similar nails were also found at Rose Hill - a lovely Blue Stone house of 1890, at 194 Timor Street, Warranambool 1879, and at the Warranambool Court House extension 1889.
151. Three French marker nails used for identification purposes:
1st   is No 18
2nd  is No 53
3rd  is marked M.T.
152. Two fancy brass headed nails used to secure drapes and wall hangings in well to do French houses during the 19th century. Some nails come in pairs such as Pintails, these were sold as a pair and as they were so expensive I have put them together on the board (cost May 2008 65 Euros).
153. A French headless nail, of unknown use.
154. A 4 inch wrought iron nail used by French carpenters to make ledged and braced doors.
155. A hook nail that would be driven into the ceiling or upper floor joists in the kitchen for hanging utensils. French.
156. One hook and two eyes probably for securing vine wires. French.
(151 -156 are all French nails purchased at the tool fair in Bievres, Paris).
157. A 12 inch round head nail in a presentation box by G K N South Wales. These are quite rare and difficult to obtain. Donated by Mr Clive Hughes, Penllan Grove, Swansea. (It is housed in this case to protect the cardboard presentation box).
158. A ¾ inch wrought iron nail that was used to secure the hinges and lock on a wooden box. The box was eaten away with woodworm, the only thing left was the metalwork.
159. 5 Frame side fixing nails of different designs, known as Holdfasts, used for fixing big heavy door frames, they would be driven into the wall along side the frame and nails or screws would have been driven through to secure the frame. (All purchased at auction along with items 160, 162 & 170).

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