A COLLECTION OF DRIVE IN FIXINGS (NAILS) BOARD 3 Pg 1
86. A 15 inch wrought nail formed into a point which is unusual for this size nail. Pointed nails force the fibers of the wood apart where as chisel pointed nails cut through the fibers This one has barbs cut into the corners to prevent it coming back out of the wood, French made.
87. A very large staple this is one of a pair that was driven into the structural timbers either side of the window of the Wheatsheaf Inn Brecon Powys. (A listed building). It was used to carry a curtain rod, a common use for this type of thing was to drive them into gate posts and door frames as part of the hasp and staple to place the lock through. The gable ends of the building are constructed with heavy oak timbers with lath and plaster to both internal and external faces.
88. A group of nails again from the Wheatsheaf Inn Brecon Powys. The first one was driven into the wall in the attic space. The second one, if you look close, you will see the first inch is clean where it is driven into the timber and the rest of it is pitted where it has been exposed to moisture in the roof space over many years. The next three large nails were from the roof timbers, the middle four were from the structural timbers and the last three were used to nail the laths to the timbers for the purpose of rendering over. The first eight are all wrought nails, the last two are cut nails, seven and eight are wrought floor brads (the first that I have seen), the smaller of the two were the original lath nails, the cut ones are later.
89. A group of brass headed nails all of the same pattern, used for fixing pictures etc. to wood panelling. Listed in the 1936 catalogue of G.K.N. Ltd. page 182. The smaller nails are modern picture nails.
90. A large drive in hook (use unknown) but it would carry a lot of weight. Probably from a corn mill or farm buildings for hanging ropes and harnesses from. The smaller one would have been driven into the side of the floor joists and would have been used for hanging pots and pans.
91. A rail spike used on mines and quarries for attaching the rails to the sleepers or ties.
93. A 6 inch roundhead nail with a square shank just under the head where the die has gripped it while forming the head.
94. Two new wrought nails as made in the Black Country Living Museum 2006.
95. A group of 8 from The Old Pandy Inn, Pandy, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire. Recovered while demolishing an old shed on the property, the large nail is 15½ inches long. There are marks on the bottom to suggest that it may have been a bolt at one time but I have never seen a bolt with a square shank. The third and forth nails from the right are what is known as hybrid. They are cut nails and are heated up to form the head. On close inspection the shear marks can be seen and felt.
The fifth from the right is a down pipe nail and the one above is a lath nail. The two large ones are field gate hooks. The bands which attach to the gate drop on to these to enable the gate to open and close, the bottom one is locally made, but the top one is believed to be French made (by the way that it is formed into a point and from the decorative finial on the top).